Malaria is a mosquito-borne disease caused by a parasite. Malaria symptoms include fever and flu-like illness, including shaking chills, headache, muscle aches, and tiredness. Nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea may also occur. Malaria may cause anemia and jaundice (yellow coloring of the skin and eyes) due to the loss of red blood cells. Infection with one type of malaria, Plasmodium falciparum, if not promptly treated, may cause kidney failure, seizures, mental confusion, coma, and death.
Each year 350 to 500 million cases of malaria occur world-wide, and over a million people die, most of them small children.
The Anopheles Malaria Mosquito. Where malaria disease is found depends mainly on climatic factors such as temperature, humidity, and rainfall. The key areas where malaria disease can be found are; Africa, Madagascar, India and South America. Malaria is transmitted in tropical and subtropical areas, where host mosquito, from the genus Anopheles, has the capacity to survive and multiply. You will find approximately 430 Anopheles mosquito species, only 30 to 40 of which transmit the malaria parasite.
Only in places that the malaria parasites can complete its growth cycle within the mosquitoes can humans be infected. There are four types of malaria parasite that may infect humans these are; Plasmodium falciparum, P. vivax, P. ovale, and P. malariae. Enough time necessary for development of the parasite within the mosquito (the extrinsic incubation period) ranges from 10 to 21 days, depending on the parasite species and also the temperature.
Spider poison a scientific breakthrough to fight malaria – Scientists from the University of Maryland have tested a drug from spider poison, a scientific breakthrough which could end the international combat malaria.
Scientists have even reached the spider’s poison that will kill malaria-carrying mosquitoes, when fungi come into contact with insect blood, in a scientific step which could fight other mosquito-borne diseases, such hlomqc dengue fever and zika.
Scientists feel that using the same technology some day can fight various other mosquito-borne diseases, including zika and dengue fever.
By making use of fungus combined with traditional insecticides, scientists believe they could prevent mosquitoes from developing resistance. Exactly the same technology may be used once to combat other mosquito-borne diseases, like zika and dengue fever.